7 Mistakes to Avoid When Submitting Your Novel

The difference between getting a serious read and having your manuscript go straight to the delete file can come down to something as seemingly simple as improper formatting.

Here are five mistakes that will ensure your manuscript doesn’t get read by an agent or editor:

1. Single spacing and non-standard spacing between paragraphs

Manuscripts should be double-spaced, with a standard indention in each paragraph. Don’t add extra lines between paragraphs, either. You’re not writing for the web! Adding extra spaces between paragraphs instead of indenting the first line of each paragraph is a common mistake that screams “unprofessional.”

2. A rambling or boastful cover letter.

A cover letter for a novel should provide a brief synopsis, as well as your previous publications or relevant qualifications (an MFA in creative writing, for example, or a writing workshop through a respected university or with a well-known writer). While it should definitely have a hook, it should not tell the reader that it’s “the best book you’ll read this year,” “a sure bestseller,” or “a riveting adventure story.” That’s for the reader to decide.

Remember, agents and editors have been around the block. They know how hard it is for a book to be a genuine bestseller (not an Amazon bestseller, which, it turns out, is kind of a scam). They know that even much-anticipated titles with high-level support from the publisher often don’t make the New York Times bestseller list, the USA Today bestseller list, the Indie Next bestseller list, or any of the lists that matter. So if you tell them your book is destined to be a bestseller, it makes you look arrogant and uninformed.

There’s certainly nothing wrong with self-publishing, but if you’ve done that, never include Amazon reviews in your cover letter as a way of validating your book. On the other hand, if you’ve sold 10,000 copies or more of your book on Amazon (meaning people have paid for it, not that you’ve given it away for free), include that in your letter. It shows that you’ve already done some groundwork and people have found your book interesting enough to pay for it.

Your cover letter should be interesting and engaging, and it should make the agent or editor in question want to read your book. Anything you write that makes you seem self-centered or difficult to work with will lead to a swift rejection.

3. Weird fonts

If you’re tempted to get creative with fonts, don’t. Cursive, all caps, excessive bolding, or difficult-to-read fonts come off as unprofessional and even aggressive. Stick to Times New Roman, Garamond, or Helvetica?—?something simple, clean, and easy to read. Courier used to be the standard, but it looks oddly old-fashioned now (everyone knows you’re not using an actual typewriter). 12 points has long been the standard, but in a slightly smaller font, like Garamond, I’ll often use 13 points to increase readability.

4. An excessive or overwritten prologue

This, I admit, may be a matter of taste. However, in general, agents and editors want to get right into a book. They want to be hooked from sentence once. Often, writers will decide to put their “best writing” in a prologue. This may be overwritten prose that is intended more to show off. In your opening pages, don’t show off. Hook the reader. Make the story so compelling it’s impossible to put down. Make sure there’s conflict from page one.

5. Lack of Focus

An agent or editor should know very quickly what kind of book he or she is getting into. The cover letter will do a lot of this work for you: it should let the reader know what the genre is, and what the book is about. Is it a literary thriller? Is it a literary coming-of-age novel with mainstream appeal? Is it a historical romance? Don’t be afraid of labels! 

Labels save the reader a lot of time and let them know that a:) you’ve thought about how to market the book and b:) there is a specific audience for this book.

6. Lack of “Comps”

Be sure to include comps: comparabe books that have sold well in the last few years. If you don’t include two or three comps, it looks as though you know nothing about the industry and you don’t care enough to think about who your book will appeal to.

7. A Boring First Chapter

If the agent or editor reads past the cover letter to page one of the novel, you’re already ahead. Don’t squander that first chapter! The chapter should deliver on the promise of the cover letter. The reader needs to know that she’s in good hands, that this is the work of a competent storyteller who knows what she’s writing about, and why.

Michelle Richmond is the author of four novels and two story collections and the founder of micro-press Fiction Attic. This piece is excerpted from her Publishing Crash Course: Agents, Editors, Independent Publishing Vs. Traditional, and How to Beat the Odds.

In Conversation with Julian Barnes, May 23rd

Join me in conversation with Julian Barnes, British novelist and winner of the Man Booker Prize, at the Menlo Atherton Center for Performing Arts on May 23rd.

About the Evening, a Kepler’s Premier Event

Julian Barnes in conversation with Michelle Richmond

Monday, May 23, 2016, 7:30 p.m.

The Noise of Time

Menlo-Atherton High School Center for Performing Arts, 555 Middlefield Rd., Atherton

Tickets are available at Kepler’s and online at Brown Paper Tickets

For many of us, we are still taken aback by the elegant and provocative novel The Sense of an Ending, which earned Julian Barnes the Man Booker Prize in 2011. The judges took 31 minutes to declare the winner, and the head judge said that The Sense of an Ending “spoke to humankind in the 21st Century.”

Perhaps you aren’t a reader of fiction or you’ve never picked up a Julian Barnes book before… this event will still resonate with you. As JFK once said, “If art is to nourish the roots of our culture, society must set the artist free to follow his vision wherever it takes him. We must never forget that art is not a form of propaganda; it is a form of truth.” Join the discussion of what happens to art and artists under oppression and what happens when government seeks to control and even co-op artists and their art.

This is a rare opportunity to hear one of our most brilliant writers talk about his creative process, his inspirations, and so much more, and just in time for the film adaptation of The Sense of an Ending, which is slated to release in 2016.

Julian Barnes is the author of numerous novels, story collections, translations, and essays on art. In addition to the 2011 Man Booker prize-winning novel, The Sense of an Ending, his fiction includes Flaubert’s Parrot and Arthur & George, both short-listed for the Man Booker prize. In 2016, the American Academy of Arts & Letters elected Barnes as an honorary foreign member.

Michelle Richmond is the New York Times bestselling author of four novels, including Golden State and The Year of Fog, and two story collections, including Hum, winner of the Catherine Doctorow Innovative Fiction Prize. She is the founder and publisher of Fiction Attic Press.

NOTE: Mr. Barnes will sign copies of The Noise of Time and up to 3 other books per guest.

Event date:
Monday, May 23, 2016 – 7:30pm
Event address:
1010 El Camino Real
Menlo Park, CA 94025-4349

Famous Writers Who Failed First (Why Curiosity Matters More Than Grades)

If you were the kind of kid who made less than stellar grades in some subjects because you became obsessed with exploring something off the syllabus, you may have been destined to be a writer. There is a noble tradition, in fact, of writers and academic failure.

The list of celebrated novelists is filled with people who did poorly in school. Roald Dahl was told by an English teacher that he would never amount to anything. F. Scott Fitzgerald never finished at Princeton. Paste Magazine’s list of famous writers who never went to college, includes Ray Bradbury, Truman Capote, Maya Angelou, Mark Twain, Jack Kerouak, William Faulkner, and Augusten Burroughs. Many of them barely graduated from high school.

A passion for writing, a devotion to reading, and intense curiosity can transform dull students into great writers. I’m not saying that grades are completely irrelevant. However, when schools and parents become obsessed with assessment, kids lose out on valuable opportunities to learn and to develop their own unique talents. As a parent, I want my son to do his best. That said, I value curiosity far more than a letter on a report card, because children who are capable of developing passionate interests and following through on the things that inspire them are likely to be more successful and happier than those who simply follow orders and do well on tests.

Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn’t do than by the ones you did do… Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover. ~Mark Twain

Take the 10 Days of Beautiful Failure Challenge, and let your curiosity guide you.

Key to Creativity: Process, not Product

I’ve been hearing a lot about Wired to Create, the new book by psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman and science writer Carolyn Gregoire. Those who “derive enjoyment from the act of creating and feel in control of their creative process tend to show greater creativity than those who are focused exclusively on the outcome of their work,” the authors write.

As a writer, I found this particularly illuminating. For many years, I wrote primarily for the joy of writing and the hope of one day publishing. Somewhere in the last seven or eight years, my writing became more tied to the end product, which is a natural result, I think of being on contract, but also a result of thinking about the reader. As a novelist, I believe it is my duty to think about the reader, but I also like the idea of going back to that place of joy, the flow that arises during “the act of creating.”

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5 Novels You’ll Be Hearing About in 2016

Don’t You Cry, by Mary Kubica

If you enjoyed Kubica’s earlier novel, The Good girl, you’ll want to snatch up this psychological thriller that begins with a roommate gone missing, and leads through a twisty route to a grim discovery about a family. Quinn Collins thinks that she and her roommate, Esther Vaughan, are best friends living in an apartment in Chicago. When Esther disappears, Quinn’s fears about foul play are supplanted by paranoia that Esther was out to hurt her. Interwoven with Quinn’s story are chapters told from the point of view of 18-year-old Alex Gallo, a bright young man who is stuck in a dreary Michigan town, washing dishes to support his alcoholic father. When Alex meets an attractive but seemingly broken woman at the coffee shop, he does everything he can to protect her. The characters are compelling and the mesmerizing story will keep you turning pages. There’s something alluringly innocent (if at sometimes repetitive) about the voice, which lends an even more eerie tenor to the already-creepy plot. If you’re looking for a psychological thriller to keep you up at night, this is the one.

Forthcoming from Mira, March 17, 2016

Pre-order Don’t You Cry (more…)